Spaying and neutering are routine surgeries that we perform for dogs and cats at our Eugene animal hospital. These are safe, optional surgeries that help to control the pet population in and around Eugene. Many animals are euthanized every year because of overpopulation among the dog and cat populations. Neutering and spaying are a great way to keep the pet population lower and therefore, to spare more animals from this unfortunate fate.
Here is some additional information about the neutering and spaying services we offer at our veterinary clinic in Eugene.
Spaying and Neutering Procedures
Cats and dogs are usually in the kitten/puppy stage of life when they are spayed or neutered, although the procedures can be performed later in life. Spaying and neutering are routine day surgeries that will require anesthesia to keep your pet still, and to prevent them from experiencing any pain. We will perform pre-operative blood work to ensure your pet is fit and healthy enough to undergo surgery.
The spay procedure is performed on female dogs and cats. During the surgery, the veterinarian makes an incision beneath your pet’s belly button. Her ovaries are then removed, or sometimes both the ovaries and the uterus.
The neuter procedure is performed on male dogs and cats. To neuter your pet, the veterinarian makes an incision in the scrotum and then the testicles are surgically removed.
As mentioned, spaying and neutering usually happen when pets are puppies and kittens. Feel free to discuss the procedures at your puppy or kitten’s first wellness checkup with us at Pawsitive Wellness Veterinary Care.
Spay and Neuter Benefits
When making a decision on whether to spay or neuter a pet, it’s important to know that there are several health benefits that can be derived from these procedures. For example, spaying prevents female pets from going into a heat cycle, and eliminates the associated behaviors. This makes female cats and dogs less like to go outside and engage in dangerous behaviors.
Here are some additional benefits that female pets experience from spaying.
- Reduces female hormone fluctuations
- Eliminates uterine infections
- Prevents the risk of mammary cancer
- Eliminates all risk of uterine cancer and ovarian cancer
- Reduces separation anxiety experienced by many female pets
Here are the benefits that male pets can experience from neutering them.
- Reduced risk of prostate infection
- Eliminates testicular cancer risk
- Male levels of aggression are lowered
- Neutered pets are less likely to “roam”
- Lowered risk of any diseases associated with hormonal issues
The spay and neuter procedures have been refined over many years and are now extremely routine in veterinary medicine. You will drop your pet off in the morning on the day of their appointment. Once the procedure is complete, we will monitor your pet until it is fully reawakened from the anesthetic. Then, we call you to come and take your animal home. Pet parents almost always take their dog or cat home on the same day that the procedure happens.
In addition to the health benefits, spaying and neutering is also potentially a money-saving procedure in the long run. Paying for this simple operation is much cheaper than caring for an unexpected litter of puppies or kittens, for example.
Pet Aftercare Following a Spay or Neuter Operation
The staff at Pawsitive Wellness Veterinary Care will discuss the aftercare concerns once your dog or cat is ready to go home after a spay or neuter procedure. We will generally ask that a pet not be given food for 12 hours prior to the operation.
You may be given some antibiotics to take home with you after the procedure. These are usually administered orally and with food, to help fight off the possibility of an infection at the surgery site. Typical after-care will involve many of the following steps.
- Provide your pet with a safe space or “cave” where they can be alone and rest. This can be a dog or cat house, or any small space that they can walk directly in and out of.
- Your pet will want to lick or bite at the stitches on their surgical site for a few days. This is normal, but you want to prevent them from doing this. Fitting your pet with an Elizabethan collar or e-collar helps prevent this, so the surgery wound can heal.
- Reduce your pet’s activity levels, so they can rest and heal. If cats have a favorite climbing structure, you might want to remove it from your home for a few days. Limit climbing and exercise, so your dog or cat cannot reopen their wound.
- Keep your pet dry. You should not give them a bath for the first 10 days or so after surgery.
- Watch your pet closely every day. Inspect the surgery site to make sure there is no swelling or other signs of infection. Call us if anything looks wrong!
Contact Us for Spaying and Neutering in Eugene
If you’d like to talk to our staff about spaying or neutering, or want to schedule a procedure for your dog or cat, call our Eugene office at (541) 515-6789.